Your liver may develop fluid-filled sacs called liver cysts. Most liver cysts are benign (noncancerous) and don’t enlarge to the point where they produce symptoms. Cysts may also be managed by surgery or medicines.
What are liver cysts?
Your liver may develop fluid-filled sacs called liver cysts. Most of them are benign (noncancerous). Few cysts enlarge to the point of producing symptoms. However, some genetic disorders leading to liver cysts may need to be treated.
In some cases, liver cysts proliferate or enlarge to the point that they start to interfere with the functioning of neighboring organs. For instance, a very sizable cyst may block the vena cava, a significant vein that returns blood to the heart. In this situation, a doctor might advise having the cyst or cysts surgically removed. In such cases, you should consult a liver specialist in Delhi or at your preferred location for treatment.
Most liver cysts are benign, meaning they are not malignant. However, cystic tumors make up about 5% of liver cysts.
These cystic tumors sometimes develop into malignant tumors and extend outside the liver. As a result, doctors may advise surgery to remove a cystic tumor.
How is a liver cyst treated?
Most benign liver cysts don’t require treatment. But when liver cysts grow to a size of more than 4 centimeters, surgeons may choose to remove them.
Large benign cysts, polycystic liver disease cysts, and precancerous or cancerous liver cysts can all be removed through various procedures and operations, including:
● Aspiration via the skin: Doctors employ ultrasonography or CT imaging and use catheters or needles to remove the fluid from liver cysts.
● Fenestration of cysts: This procedure removes the cyst wall to treat big cysts.
● Hepatic removal: Through this procedure, the liver’s cyst-affected regions are removed.
● Arterial transtimulation (TACE): This therapy has the same effect as building a dam in a stream to block the water flow. First, anti-cancer medications are injected into an artery that provides blood to your liver. Then, a chemical to block the flow is injected. The ingredients serve as a dam, preventing the anti-cancer medication from floating away and keeping it swirling around the tumor.
● Surgery: To destroy malignant or benign cysts, you can consult liver specialists in Delhi who may suggest surgery for their removal.
● Liver transplantation: This procedure treats a polycystic liver disease unresponsive to medicine or other liver cyst removal procedures. It is suggested for end-stage liver failure.
Are benign liver cysts common?
The most prevalent type of liver cysts are benign liver cysts, also referred to as simple cysts.
Who’s affected by liver cysts?
Overall, adults between the ages of 30 and 70 may be affected by liver cysts, but only 10% to 15% of those affected experience overt symptoms. In addition, males are more likely to have liver cysts than females, and more males are born with liver cysts.
Are cysts in the liver dangerous?
A very small number of liver cysts can develop into cancer. Most of these are benign (noncancerous) and don’t enlarge to the point where they produce symptoms. However, surgery or other treatment may be necessary for two forms of cystic liver disease:
● Hydatid illness (Echinococcal or hydatid cysts): Humans contract parasites from dogs and sheep, typically through water systems. The parasites grow into cysts on the livers and
other parts of the victims’ bodies. Hydatid illness, if left untreated, can result in fever, jaundice, eosinophilia, or an extremely high level of white blood cells. The parasite is killed by treatment, such as chemotherapy, and healthcare professionals surgically remove these cysts.
- Polycystic liver disease (PLD): This uncommon hereditary illness affects 1 to 10 people in 100,000. Clusters of benign cysts appear on the liver of people with PLD. These cysts may resemble bunches of grapes. Most PLD patients don’t experience symptoms until they are adults, and just 20% of PLD patients have visible signs. The liver enlarges, resulting in discomfort and enlarged or distended tummies. Liver specialists in Delhi use both surgery and medication to treat PLD.
What are the symptoms of a liver cyst?
A liver cyst may go years without being detected because it might stay symptomless. People who have an enlarged cyst may experience the following:
● Stomach bloating
● Stomach that is enlarged or protrudes
● Stomach pain in the upper right corner
Liver cysts are rare and most often do not exhibit symptoms. However, if they grow large, they may occasionally result in other symptoms in addition to abdominal pain and swelling. A doctor might advise surgery to remove a liver cyst if it poses serious health issues.
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